More than 100 years ago, the traditional way of making clothes was to make the whole garment by one person. The tailor only needed to work in a small room at home or in the shop. At that time, clothes were made to order and sewed according to different customer requirements. Customers are mainly wealthy people, such as landlords, businessmen, and nobles. Poorer people such as peasants and workers often wear old clothes discarded by rich people. Sometimes they may gather some materials to sew their own clothes, or even weave themselves. Therefore, we can understand why the clothes of the working class were mostly simple and rough. of. Rich people hire tailors to sew clothes for themselves and their servants. The uniform styles of housekeepers and coachmen are generally designed according to the owner's preferences. All these clothes were made by the tailor alone.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, clothing cars were introduced, and they were continuously improved mainly in Europe and the United States. As a result, the traditional way of making clothes changed, and the division of labor began to occur in the process of making clothes. For example, the workers who operate sewing machines need special skills, so hiring full-time workers and manual workers to hire sewing machines is more efficient and helps reduce costs.
The early garment factories gradually developed from that era. At that time, the general garment factory adopted the current method of "MAKE THROUGH SYSTEM". The operation method was that most of the processes of a garment were completed by one person, and the remaining processes that did not require many skills were performed by another person. (Such as an apprentice) to take charge. Each garment is sewn according to the individual requirements of the customer. There is usually a 120cm by 60cm work place where all sewing tools are placed randomly, but there are no special purpose clothing accessories. The manual worker sits cross-legged on the floor or on the floor, using his knees as a workbench. Small garment factories generally have poor conditions and insufficient lighting.
After 1830, France and Britain successively opened garment workshops with machine equipment. The machines were operated by specialized technicians, and the processes that required manual work were also completed in the factory or outsourced to others at home. The proprietors of the above-mentioned factories soon learned that the production process could be divided into special processes such as machine sewing, hand sewing and pressing, door knocking, and manual work. After each special process is completed, the clothes are returned to the aforementioned main "sew". This method is suitable for sewing tailor-made clothes and clothing samples. These clothes are tailored to individual requirements.
The above-mentioned method is still the basic method of making clothes. It evolved from the previous method before the sewing machine was invented, and it has developed to this day. The more basic method is the subdivision method. The sewing process is subdivided into fine processes. More rigorous production arrangements are appropriately allocated to each sewing worker, and each sewing worker is generally only responsible for a single special process, thereby increasing production efficiency.